Excessive barking, jumping, and other behaviors that we humans may find unacceptable in our canine companions have led to the creation of a “quick fix” solution: the shock collar.

Originally designed in the 1960s to train hunting dogs to respond to commands, shock collars have evolved and found various applications in today’s world.

Some people find shock collars helpful for training, but others think they can be harsh and harmful.

Here, We’ll go over their good and bad sides, explain the right way to use them, and offer an alternative using rewards.

The Science of the “Shock”

Shock collars consist of two blunt electrodes on the inside of the collar that come into contact with the dog’s skin.

Additionally, there’s an external control box that emits the electrical pulse or “shock” based on remote commands.

With nearly 170 different models available, shock collars offer a range of functions, including:

  • Tone or vibration: These can be used alone or in combination with a shock, allowing the dog time to correct its behavior before a shock is administered. This feature is often used in collars for invisible fences.
  • Variable pulse durations: Some collars provide short electrical pulses lasting from a few seconds to minutes or continuous stimulation as long as the remote button is pressed.
  • Voltage levels: Shock collars can deliver zaps ranging from 110 volts to 600 volts. To put this into perspective, 110 volts is similar to the static shock from rubbing your feet on a carpet, while 600 volts can be as powerful as an electric eel’s discharge, potentially causing skin damage or burns if misused.

Knowing the basics of shock collar operation is crucial. Equally important is reflecting on how they can impact a dog’s physical and mental state.

Dog with shock collars
Image credits: freepik/freepik.com

Pros and Cons of the Shock Collar

Shock collars are a hot topic, with people on both sides arguing their points. Let’s take a closer look at the pros and cons:

Pros (In Favor)

1. Effective Training Device

Shock collars can be adjusted to respond to various behaviors, such as curbing incessant barking or preventing dogs from leaving the yard (invisible fencing). They can also address issues like aggression, jumping, or leash-pulling.

2. Swift Results

Many pet owners report that after a few initial shocks, their dogs quickly learn to modify their behavior. Some even transition to using the vibration setting alone. For those using invisible fencing, it offers peace of mind regarding their pet’s safety.

3. No Need for Constant Supervision

Shock collars can be particularly effective for dogs that bark excessively when their owners are away. However, it’s essential never to leave a dog unattended outside for extended periods, with or without a shock collar.

4. Cost-Effective

While not a substitute for proper training, shock collars are generally more affordable than hiring a professional dog trainer or installing sturdy fencing. Prices can range from $25 to $200, depending on features and the number of collars included.

Cons (Opposed)

1. Painful Shock

Administering pain or discomfort to pets can be ethically challenging for many owners. In inexperienced hands, shock collars can even cause skin damage or burns.

2. Timing Challenges

It’s difficult to always catch a dog in the act, rendering the collar ineffective. A delayed shock can confuse the animal.

3. Fear and Anxiety

According to the Association of Pet Behavior Counselors, shock collars can instill fear in animals after the shock and anxiety in anticipation of the next one. This anxiety may persist in dogs that become confused about why they’re being “hurt.”

4. Aggression

Shock collars used to curb aggression can exacerbate a dog’s fear-based reaction, making them even more fearful in threatening situations.

5. Distrust

Some dogs may associate the shock with their environment or people, leading to distrust or fear of certain stimuli.

While expert opinions on shock collars vary, some countries, like the UK, are actively working to ban their use, with Scotland and Quebec already having prohibited them.

Dog with shock collar
Image credits: freepik/freepik.com

The Proper Use of a Shock Collar

If you’re thinking about using shock collars, it’s super important to follow the best practices to keep your dog safe and happy. Here are six steps to ensure proper usage:

Step 1: Carefully read and follow all instructions provided with the shock collar. Put the batteries in and make sure the device is working right.

Step 2: Attach the collar to your dog’s neck as instructed, ensuring it fits securely.

Step 3: Do not use the collar immediately. Give your dog a week to become accustomed to the device, preventing them from associating it with pain and fear.

Step 4: Start using the collar at the lowest level and monitor your pet’s reactions. Look for subtle signs like ear twitches or attempts to move away from the device. Adjust the intensity only if necessary, ensuring the dog responds to the shock without excessive fear.

Step 5: Reinforce known commands and reward your dog with treats or praise for following them. If your dog doesn’t respond, use the transmitter and repeat the command while maintaining a positive approach. Do not forget that the aim is to educate, not to punish.

Step 6: Use the transmitter to correct undesirable behaviors like digging or excessive barking consistently.

Additional Tips:

  • Avoid letting your dog see you with the remote to prevent them from associating you with discomfort.
  • Never hold the button down for more than 3 seconds or repeatedly press it, as this can create fear and anxiety.
  • Ensure that only trained individuals use the transmitter.
  • Avoid using the transmitter in anger or frustration, as this can make your pet more anxious and fearful.

Reward-Based Training Method

Positive reinforcement training offers an alternative to shock collars and focuses on praise, affection, and treats to teach desired behaviors.

This method, supported by recent studies, has proven to be effective and humane. Here are five steps to effectively train your dog using positive reinforcement:

Step 1: Use one-word commands consistently to teach your dog specific behaviors like “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “heel.” Ensure that everyone in your family uses the same commands.

Step 2: In the early stages of training, reward your dog with treats each time they perform the desired action, reinforcing the connection between behavior and reward.

Step 3: Keep training sessions short, lasting no more than 15 minutes, to prevent boredom and frustration. Make these sessions enjoyable to build a positive association with training.

Step 4: Once your dog masters a command, gradually reduce the frequency of treats while continuing to offer verbal and nonverbal affection as rewards.

Step 5: Be patient and consistent in your training efforts, and soon you’ll have a well-behaved and happy dog.


In conclusion, while shock collars have their proponents and opponents, it’s crucial to prioritize your dog’s safety, well-being, and emotional health. Before you think about using a shock collar, try other training methods like rewarding good behavior. This can make training your dog a happier experience for both of you.

You can explore further information on RSPCA or ASPCA related to your pet.

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Q1: Are shock collars safe for dogs?

Shock collars can be safe when used correctly and responsibly. It's essential to follow manufacturer instructions, start with the lowest intensity, and avoid prolonged or harsh shocks. However, opinions on their safety vary, and some experts and organizations advocate against their use.

Q2: What is the cost of a shock collar, and do expensive ones work better?

The cost of a shock collar can vary significantly, ranging from $25 to $200 or more. Higher-priced models often offer more features or multiple collars for training multiple dogs. However, the effectiveness of a shock collar depends on factors like proper usage and the dog's temperament, rather than price alone.

Q3: Can shock collars be used on puppies?

Shock collars should not be used on puppies under the age of six months. Puppies are still developing physically and emotionally, and the use of shock collars may cause harm or create negative associations. Positive reinforcement methods are generally recommended for training puppies.

Q4: Do shock collars work for all types of behavior problems in dogs?

Shock collars are primarily designed for specific behavioral issues, such as excessive barking, boundary training, and leash-pulling. Their effectiveness may vary depending on the dog's temperament and the specific problem. For complex behavioral issues, consulting a professional dog trainer is often advisable.

Q5: Are there alternative training methods to shock collars?

Yes, there are several alternative training methods that focus on positive reinforcement, including using treats, praise, and affection to reward desired behaviors. Positive reinforcement training is considered effective and humane and can be a viable alternative to shock collars for many dog owners.